Conditions that cause Abdominal distension

  • Constipation: When stool accumulates in the colon, it can cause the abdomen to become distended and bloated.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): This is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine and can cause abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, and distension.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): This includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which can cause chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain and distension.
  • Ascites: This is the buildup of fluid in the abdomen, often due to liver disease or cancer.
  • Intestinal parasite infection (coccidiosis, fasciolosis, giardiasis, hookworm:  ancylostomiasis and necatoriasis, Strongyloidiasis)
  • Gastroparesis: This is a condition in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents, leading to bloating and distension.
  • Bowel obstruction (volvulus)
  • Ileus
  • Toxic megacolon
  • Abdominal or Pelvic mass
  • Organomegaly
  • Whipple’s disease (Whipples disease)
  • Coeliac disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Diverticulitis
  • Kwashiorkor
  • Pregnancy: As the fetus grows, it can cause the abdomen to become distended.
Conditions that cause Abdominal distension